Puno, Peru

History of Puno 

Puno is located in southeastern Peru, by the shores of Lake Titicaca. It was the cradle of the great culture Tiahuanaco, being the chullpas or funeral towers of Sillustani the living relic of this culture. This city is very famous for its folklore and diverse festivities like the festival of the Virgin of  Candelaria. Puno shares Lake Titicaca with Bolivia, Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world and the largest in South America. In the outskirts, you can visit Juli, famous for its beautiful colonial churches, Lampa with its vice royal church built between 1675 and 1685, Llachon, a community that still maintains its centuries-old customs and cultural expressions, and Pucara, known for its pre-Inca pottery and for the “toritos de Pucara” that the artisans of today create from clay.



For many, Lake Titicaca is a highlight of their trip to South America due to its quaint glistening waters, fascinating archaeological sites and intriguing native culture. Although Puno itself may not be the most attractive city on the continent, it does serve as an excellent hub to explore this enchanting region. Here are the best things to see and do in and around the city.

The Uros Islands

As the undisputed premier attraction of the region, these fascinating floating islands are what draw visitors to Puno in droves. Founded by the Uros people hundreds of years ago, the islands have been artificially made from native totora reeds and once served as a refuge from the expansion of the Inca empire. These days, the Uros meticulously maintain their traditional homes to attract scores of well-heeled visitors. Although undeniably touristy, the incredible ingenuity of these resilient people make the attraction entirely worthwhile.

Amantaní Island

To really get a feel for life on Titicaca, it’s necessary to venture further than Uros. Despite welcoming boatloads of visitors each day, Amantaní Island still provides a fascinating and authentic insight into local indigenous culture. Community-run initiatives allow tourists to sleep in a family home, an interesting cultural exchange from which the proceeds are split among society. Taquile Island Another island well worthy of a visit is Taquile, typically included on an Amantaní tour. Smaller yet more developed, the island is famous throughout Peru for its expert male weavers who produce textiles of remarkable quality. An abundance of interesting archaeological sites and breathtaking lake views can also be found throughout the island.


Back on the mainland, Sillustani is an intriguing pre-Inca burial ground that overlooks the glistening waters of the lake. Here, ancient Aymara people built a series of funeral towers, known as  chullpas, to house the deceased families of community nobles.

Cathedral de Puno

The most majestic sight within the city itself is the 18th-century Baroque cathedral, a landmark church that towers over the city center. The interior doesn’t quite match its spectacular facade, so the monument is best admired from the adjacent Plaza de Armas, Puno’s most central and attractive square.

Puno Cathedral, Jr. Ayacucho, Puno, Peru

La Casa del Corregidor

Also on the Plaza de Armas is the grandiose and colorful Casa del Corregidor, its highlight being an elegant balcony that overlooks the square. This 17th-century colonial home is supposedly one of the oldest in the city. Nowadays, it hosts a small fair trade artisans store as well as a cute cafe.

Jirón Lima

Heading north from Plaza de Armas is Jirón Lima, the city’s primary pedestrian thoroughfare. Cafes, restaurants, hotels, travel agents and bars line this lively strip which is the perfect place for a pleasant afternoon stroll.

Museo Municipal Carlos Dryer

Despite being the city’s most celebrated museum, don’t expect any massive exhibitions. Nevertheless, the museum does hold a solid selection of regional artifacts and textiles, including an unusual collection of mummies with deformed skulls.

Cerrito de Huajsapata

For panoramic views of the lake and city below, embark on a steep climb up the Cerrito de Huajsapata. Perched on top is a blindingly white statue of Manco Cápac, a venerable character who is credited with founding the Inca empire.

The Yavarí

Once a mighty gunship, this decommissioned antique steamboat now serves as a tourist attraction and quirky bed and breakfast. Built in England during the 19th century, it was shipped over to Arica in Chile and dragged to Puno by mule in a process that took six years. But it was all worth it in the end (expectfor the poor donkeys perhaps), because the Yavarí valiantly served the region for over a hundred years.


The climate in Puno is cool and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 62°F and is rarely below 21°F or above

Puno, Peru

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The reality of education in Peru is deficient, as shown by the latest test of the report of the International Program for Student Assessment (PISA), which places us in 64th place out of 77 countries. Taking this situation into account, educational quality in rural settings has more obstacles to overcome in order to achieve a proper level of education.
It is worth highlighting the relevance of education in the country, since, with incomplete secondary studies, nobody would be able to study even a technical career, and most likely they will continue to remain in poverty.


At the national level, there are 43.5% of children suffering from malnutrition. Only in Cusco, 57.4% of infants suffer from this disease, which is a rather alarming figure since it is the second largest region in Peru with chronic child malnutrition and anemia.Within the Cusco region, the provinces that present high rates of anemia are:

Paucartambo (65.9%), Quispicanchis (65.1%), Cusco (62.6%), Acomayo (61.5%), Espinar (61.5%) and Chumbivilcas (60.9% ).

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