History of Chiclayo
The capital of northern Peru’s Lambayeque region, Chiclayo contains the fourth-biggest population of any city in the country. The 700,000 people who live here are so welcoming and friendly, that the city is now affectionately called the ‘Capital of Friendship’. Chiclayo lies just 13 km / 8 miles inland from the shoreline of the Pacific Ocean and its plazas are filled with activity, well after the sun goes down. The Moche was the oldest known civilization in the history of Chiclayo, reigning over Peru’s north coast for some seven centuries from 100 AD onward. The Moche’s well-developed irrigation system was as intricate and as well-known as the stylized workcovering their beautiful ceramics. Chiclayo’s next dominant culture, the Lambayeque, occupied the area from 700 AD until the latter part of the 14th century. The Lambayeque adopted many Moche customs and were most famous for their elaborate gold jewelry, accomplished building techniques and well-developed navigational skills. One of the city’s oldest archaeological sites, the ruins of Northern Wari, dates from this period in the history of Chiclayo. Unlike most other large Peruvian cities, Chiclayo was relatively undeveloped by Spanish conquistadors, who mainly stopped in this small community to water their animals on journeys between the then bigger, but now largely abandoned, communities of Ferrenafe, Lambayeque and also Zana. Most residents belonged to either the Collique or the Cinto civilizations, which have firm origins in the early part of the 16th century. At the time of the Peruvian War of Independence (1809 to 1824), the community remained a sparsely populated village. However, Chiclayo was well rewarded after providing horses and weaponry, as well as military troops and other valuable resources to supporters of the revolution. Chiclayo was hailed a ‘Heroic City‘ in 1835 and became the capital of its newly created namesake province the following day. Today, Chiclayo has overcome its humble beginnings to become northern Peru’s commercial hub, while many of its surrounding communities are now little more than ghost towns. The late 19th-century La Veronica and La Cathedral churches, however, still stand in their original splendor as visual reminders of the more recent history of Chiclayo. The city’s most unusual tourist attraction is perhaps its witches’ market, where visitors can purchase magical amulets and potions. The layouts of several Chiclayo streets are based on the winding farmers’ lanes of its rural past. Greco-Roman statues line the popular Paseo Las Musas promenade, where Egyptian figures hold up its triumphal arch.
THINGS TO DO IN CHICLAYO
Tomb of the Lord of Sipan Museum
See the relics of the Tomb of the Lord of Sipan, found in a forest of carob trees forests of Sechura. The nearby Royal Tombs Museum houses his amazing death mask of feathers, gold, and silver, as well as further evidence to help you learn about the lives of the ancient inhabitants of this region.
Ventarron – Temple in Peru
Ventarrón is the site of a 4,500-year-old temple with painted murals, which was excavated in Peru in 2007 near Chiclayo, in the Lambayeque region on the northern coast. The site was inhabited by the Early Cupisnique, Cupisnique, Chavin and Moche cultures.
St. Mary’s Cathedral, Chiclayo
The St. Mary’s Cathedral also called Chiclayo Cathedral It is a religious building affiliated with the Catholic Church which is located in the main part of the city of Chiclayo.
Herbalist Traders Association Traditional Medicine
The place is all a witch doctor could ever ask for! I am 100% sure there is a remedy for anything that ails you. And probably someone there to apply it. Plenty of voodoo dolls and ceremonial artifacts. San Pedro and coca leave aplenty. Definitely worth at least a pop in.
This is the original City Hall of Chiclayo; however, the offices are currently in another building. The architecture is from the early 1900; just nice, especially at night.
El Dorado Park
People typically spend up to 1.5 hours here. This park is a beautiful place, where u can take air and a moment of relaxation.
One of the most famous sculptures is that of Naylamp, an ancestral and mythological character of the country. According to the ancestral history of the region, this mythical being founded a kingdom that belongs to the Lambayeque culture, before being conquered by the leaders of the Chimu culture.