Nazca, Peru

History of Nazca

The first published mention of the Nazca Lines was by Pedro Cieza de León in his book of 1553, and he mistook them for trail markers. The Nazca drew geoglyphs and lines across the surrounding deserts and hills which were either stylized drawings of animals, plants, and humans or simple lines which connected sacred sites or pointed to water sources. Their exact purpose is disputed, but the most widely held theory is that they were designed to be walked along as part of religious rites and processions. The lines were made remarkably easily and quickly by removing the oxidized darker surface rocks which lay closely scattered across the lighter colored desert pampa floor. Most designs are only visible from the air, but some were made on hillsides and so are visible from the ground. The Nazca Lines are legendary. Stretching across nearly 200 square miles of high arid plateau, these drawings of hundreds of figures range from giant spiders to vast geometric shapes, to enormous monkeys as large as 890 feet (roughly two and a half football fields). Hummingbirds, fish, sharks or orcas, llamas, and lizards—and, according to some, astronauts, aliens, and landing zones—are all depicted in these enormous line drawings.


Nazca Lines

Giant ancient line art is drawn in the Peruvian desert so large that it can only be fully seen from the sky.
Chauchilla Cemetery
Plundered and left asunder by grave robbers, this ancient necropolis has been painstakingly pieced back together.
Nazca pilgrimage site covering 370 acres is a popular stop for archeologists and looters.
Cerro Blanco
This unimaginably large pile of sand near Nazca is one of the tallest dunes in the world.
Nazca Lines Observation Tower
This metal tower in the desert provides views of a handful of Nazca geoglyphs.
The Paredones
These overlooked ruins give an intimate look at the Inca Empire’s urban planning prowess.
Maria Reiche Museum
A museum dedicated to the German scientist who revealed the significance of the mysterious Peruvian Nazca Lines.
Museo Antonini
This archaeological museum in one of Peru’s most intriguing regions exhibits ancient artifacts from the Nazca civilization.
The sophisticated hydraulic system of the Nazca civilization.
In Nazca, the summers are hot, arid, and mostly cloudy and the winters are short, comfortable, dry, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 59°F to 86°F and is rarely below 56°F or above 89°F.

Nazca, Peru

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The reality of education in Peru is deficient, as shown by the latest test of the report of the International Program for Student Assessment (PISA), which places us in 64th place out of 77 countries. Taking this situation into account, educational quality in rural settings has more obstacles to overcome in order to achieve a proper level of education.
It is worth highlighting the relevance of education in the country, since, with incomplete secondary studies, nobody would be able to study even a technical career, and most likely they will continue to remain in poverty.


At the national level, there are 43.5% of children suffering from malnutrition. Only in Cusco, 57.4% of infants suffer from this disease, which is a rather alarming figure since it is the second largest region in Peru with chronic child malnutrition and anemia.Within the Cusco region, the provinces that present high rates of anemia are:

Paucartambo (65.9%), Quispicanchis (65.1%), Cusco (62.6%), Acomayo (61.5%), Espinar (61.5%) and Chumbivilcas (60.9% ).

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