History of Trujillo
One of Peru’s most charismatic cities, with colonial-style streets remaining similar in their appearance for literally centuries, Trujillo features an abundance of churches and ostentatious mansions. Founded around 500 years ago, Trujillo serves as a leading economic and tourism center for the La Libertad Region and north Peru, and has always enjoyed much wealth and independence. Trujillo is the third-biggest of all the cities in Peru, after both Lima and Arequipa, and enjoys a coastal situation and lies next to the Pacific Ocean, with the sandy beach of Huanchaco being especially close and popular with surfers. However, it is the famous ruins of the neighboring Chimu capital known as Chan Chan that draws the most tourists. The rich history of the city is clearly apparent as you stroll around the winding streets, with the 17th-century Iglesia de la Merced church standing out for many a tourist. The ancient Moche pyramids known as the Huaca de la Luna (Temple of the Moon) and the Huaca del Sol (Temple of the Sun) are further cultural treats and reside within the Valle de Moche area .With such an interesting Peruvian past, Trujillo understandably wishes to share its heritage with visiting tourists and its profusion of museums are spilling over with information about local archaeology and Moche discoveries. Of note are the Trujillo Museum and its pre-Columbian artifacts, and the Casinelli Museum and its treasures relating to the Chimu, Huari, Inca, Recuay and Salinar civilizations. There are also a number of intriguing art galleries dotted around the city, housed within colonial mansions, such as the Casa Ganoza Chopitea on the Jirón Independencia. The La Libertad Region is an especially sunny part of Peru and all around Trujillo are cities, towns and villages, lending themselves to possible day trips. To the south, the city of Chimbote is very close and home to a bustling fishing port, often frequented by numerous colorful boats. Also relatively close to Trujillo and to the north, the Peruvian metropolis of Chiclayo is where you will discover the famous
Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum.
THINGS TO DO IN TRUJILLO
Temple of the Sun and Temple of the Moon Tour from Trujillo
Your tour from Trujillo starts with hotel pickup for the 15-minute drive south of town to the Temple of the Sun and Temple of the Moon, collectively known as the Huacas de Moche. When you arrive at the site with your guide, you’ll learn about the Moche civilization that inhabited northern Peru from the 1st to 8th centuries and built the two temples you have come to see. Then enter the site to begin your 2.5-hour tour.
Museo Huacas de Moche
This is an amazing place and a bit scary as well as they practiced human sacrifices. The remains are astonishing. The colors, the building. The vibrant colors still remaining. The history. The ruler sitting on the top of the building looking down at his people.
The culture in Peru is very interesting. Chan Chan covers a huge area but only a small part has been uncovered. What the Moche built is nothing short of amazing due to the time and what technology they had available. Having a guide helps to understand what this site really was, how people lived and the politics of the time.
Temple of the Dragon
Temple of the Dragon also known as Huaco del Arco Iris, or Temple of the Rainbow just a 10-minute drive from central Trujillo. Built for religious and ceremonial purposes by the Chimú people, who lived in northern Peru from about 900 AD to the 1400s, the adobe pyramid is known for its intricate frieze murals.
Cathedral de Trujillo – Cathedral de Santa Maria
Well-restored cathedral. The paintings on the ceiling inside are bright and lively. The outside is especially pretty when lit up at night. Even if but for a moment the religious and non religious alike will love the spectacle of the Cathedral de Trujillo. The color of the building, the beauty of its architecture and the gorgeous interior are worth a stop.
This is a classical and historical mansion which fronts the Plaza de Armas. Simon Bolivar lived here after Peru’s independence. There are several beautiful courtyards, as well as period furniture (also Bolivar’s desk), a coin and money collection, as well as some Moche, Chimu, Chavin pottery and gold objects.
This house originally belonged to a Spanish count in colonial times. Around 1841 it passed ownership to Juan Manuel Iturregui, a figure from Peru’s fight for independence. In the mid 1800s it was considered to be one of the finest houses in all of South America.
This place is one of the best organized among Moche archaeological sites. They have a small but very rich museum where you can understand more about Moches and Cao’s Lady. The site is very well preserved and the guides are very well informed.
Plaza de Armas de Trujillo
The main square of Trujillo, in Spanish the Plaza Mayor or Plaza de Armas, is a great place to visit. A must-see for first time visitors. The clean city square is ringed by historic buildings, including a beautiful Catholic cathedral. The buildings are of colonial architecture and generally house government or other offices. Don’t be fooled. Many of these buildings are open to the public and have been preserved. They are «casonas» or mansions of the early aristocrats of Trujillo. One of them is the home of the Catholic archbishop during colonial times.
The climate in Trujillo is called a desert climate. There is virtually no rainfall all year long in Trujillo. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 62°F to 78°F and is rarely below 60°F or above 83°F. Average Weather in Trujillo Peru.