The Nazca Lines are an exceptional collection of geoglyphs in the southern desert of Peru. There are about 300 figures among them including geometric shapes, animal like figures, straight continuous lines, humans and plants. The exceptionality of these geoglyphs rest in the fact that they can only be seen from the air. The creation of the Nazca Lines is attributed to the pre-Inca Nazca culture that flourished in the area between 200 and 600 AD. In 1994 the lines were designated and protected as a World Heritage Site by Unesco.
The Nazca Lines are located on the Pampas of Jumana, in the Nazca Desert, in the department of Ica in southern Peru, about 400 km from the capital Lima. The Pampas of Jumala is an isolated 80 kilometer arid plateau characterized by a very stable climate. Its dry and windless climate and little change in weather patterns have contributed to the preservation of the Nazca Lines.
Maria Reiche who dedicated almost all of her life to preserve, study and care for the Nazca Lines, came to the conclusion that the Nazca Lines were an agricultural calendar, perhaps the biggest of all, saying that the Nazca people used these drawings, guided by the stars movement to know what was the best time to harvest, and when it would rain.
Altitude: 330 meters
Temperature: Max 16º C and 25º C
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