All You Need To Know about Peruvian Culture

Peru is number one on a lot of South American travel lists, and with good reason. Cities like the capital, Lima, and the former Incan capital Cusco are rightly famous, as is the legendary Machu Picchu, attracting tens of thousands of visitors a year. But we’re going to look at the wonders of the Andean highlands.


The confluence of creeds, customs and experiences have created in the life of Peruvians about 3,000 popular festivals a year, including patron saints, processions, carnivals and rituals, expression of faith in a God, respect for nature and the celebration of freedom. The festivities in Peru have a mystical look, most manifest the fusion of Catholicism with the pre-Hispanic traditions of each region. The payment to the earth is part of the main celebrations in all regions, under the concept of giving back to the Pachamama (Mother Earth) for her eternal generosity.

Music and Dances:

Music and dance have always played an important role in Peruvian society since pre-Columbian times. The ancient Peruvians used sea snails, reeds and even animal bones to emit sounds. It is said that the Peruvians of the Nasca culture were the most important pre-Columbian musicians of the continent. Antaras or zampoñas, terracotta trumpets, pututos, were part of the most important musical instruments of ancient Peru. The musical pieces had religious, warrior or profane character.

Also, as a product of its multiple cultures, Peru today has a rich and varied folklore, diversity of musical expressions and dances, that combine the genres and the indigenous spirit with the Hispanic influence, as well as modern styles that have been adapted to the cadence and taste of the majority social groups.


Peruvians are increasingly proud of the historical and cultural richness of the past and present. After living for centuries turning our backs on our Andean origins, today we recognize the value of the Andes and the Amazon for everything it represents in resources and millenary tradition.

We are the oldest civilization in South America. Neighboring countries emerged from our territory and our empire. Peru was the political and productive center of the region, with a privileged geographical location.

Today in Peru there are many entrepreneurs who have rediscovered their capacity to create new wealth, new businesses and services. The country has overcome difficult moments of economic and political crisis. Although the tutelary institutions of the State are still in the process of consolidation, Peru has maintained democracy for more than two decades.

But, above all, Peru is welcoming, like its people, who offer the best attention to the visitor, with its food and multiple celebrations. Football is a passion that, in addition to being the national sport, is also a reason to meet family and friends.

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The reality of education in Peru is deficient, as shown by the latest test of the report of the International Program for Student Assessment (PISA), which places us in 64th place out of 77 countries. Taking this situation into account, educational quality in rural settings has more obstacles to overcome in order to achieve a proper level of education.
It is worth highlighting the relevance of education in the country, since, with incomplete secondary studies, nobody would be able to study even a technical career, and most likely they will continue to remain in poverty.


At the national level, there are 43.5% of children suffering from malnutrition. Only in Cusco, 57.4% of infants suffer from this disease, which is a rather alarming figure since it is the second largest region in Peru with chronic child malnutrition and anemia.Within the Cusco region, the provinces that present high rates of anemia are:

Paucartambo (65.9%), Quispicanchis (65.1%), Cusco (62.6%), Acomayo (61.5%), Espinar (61.5%) and Chumbivilcas (60.9% ).

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