Cusco was the capital of the great Incan Empire for 200 years; its name can be translated as the "Center of the World; the Navel of the Earth" from Quechua. Cusco is Peru's prime tourist destination, with at least 80 percent of all foreign tourists heading there during their stay. Cusco itself has plenty to offer, however, two words explain the almost hypnotic attraction that the former Inca capital has over foreign visitors: Machu Picchu.
With dazzling temples, ancient cities and access to famed Inca ruins, Cusco's imperial city enchant its visitors. First and foremost, you will want to plan your route to Machu Picchu. For a scenic (and strenuous) hike, make arrangements to trek the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu. Less daring travelers should nab a seat on one of PeruRail's daily trains to the lost city.
If you have time before or after your expedition to Machu Picchu, head straight to the Plaza de Armas, where the glorious cathedral and nearby Qoricancha await exploration. Then, elevate your experience to a whole new level by visiting the Sacsayhuamán ruins, which boast gorgeous views of Cusco city. Also enjoy the gastronomy rich in flavors, tasting the famous roasted guinea pig, known as Cuy in the Peruvian Andes, chicharron (fried pig) with mote (boiled corn), humitas, pachamanca, and more. Cusco is rich in history, culture, religion, and gastronomy.
Altitude 3,380 meters
Temperature Max 17º C and minimum -2º C. Rainy season run from November through March.
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